Transport market in Vietnam – Investment opportunities for foreign investors

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Currently, Vietnam is considered to have a stable economy and politics, and is gradually becoming an investment destination for many investors in the world. In addition, with the goal of becoming a part of the global supply chain, the transport market in Vietnam is in strong demand to meet the demand for freight transportation of businesses.

As a country with bordering the sea, Vietnam is considered a trading place of Southeast Asia, Asian countries and other countries in the world. The modes of transport include: road, rail, water, air, and pipeline. According to the Strategy of the Government, until 2030, transport enterprises in Vietnam will be developed with the orientation of applying an advanced management model, high business efficiency, competitiveness, and ownership of the domestic transport market, occupying the role of plays an important role in the transport of goods import and export, step by step reaching out to invest and business effectively in the international transport market, the details as follow:

1.To complete the restructuring of state-owned transport enterprises in the direction of accelerating the equitization, reducing the number and proportion of state ownership in transport enterprises, except for the case in transportation business units to ensure national security and social security.

2.To separate the business of railway infrastructure from the transport business into independent enterprises, urgently equitizing the transport enterprises and providing railway transport support services.

3.To establish a number of large-scale multimodal transport enterprises, capable of carrying out complete transport chains by road – rail – sea or road – waterway – sea, road – airline; strengthen connection of transport services between modes through the connection of service distribution, especially giving priority to the development of the intermodal ticket sale model between modes of passenger transport.

Regarding the implementation of investment in the transport sector for foreign investors, according to the provisions of the WTO and EVFTA services, foreign shipping companies can establish 100% foreign- capital enterprises. Foreign-invested enterprises are allowed to carry out activities including: (i) Marketing and sales maritime transport services through direct contact with customers, from quotation to invoicing; (ii) Acting on behalf of the cargo owners; (iii) Provision of required business information; (iv) Preparation of documentation concerning transport documents including customs documents, or other documents related to the origin and character of the goods transported; and (v) Provision of maritime transport services including cabotage services by Vietnamese flagged vessels for the supply of integrated transport services; (vi) Acting on behalf of the company, organizing the call of the ship or taking over cargoes when required; (vii) Negotiate and sign contracts for road, rail, inland waterways transportation related to cargoes transported by the company.

With the strategy of developing and opening up to attract foreign investors, Vietnam hopes to have more international transport investors to invest, set up company, apply for investment registration certificate for conducting business, to not only develop the transport market in Vietnam, but also bring economic benefits to international investors.

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