Setting Up Manufacturing Operations in Vietnam: Some Considerations in 3 Cities

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In recent years, Vietnam has emerged as a robust destination for manufacturing operations, enticing foreign investors with its thriving industrial sectors, efficient manufacturing capabilities, and strategic shipping and transportation networks. When considering setting up manufacturing operations in Vietnam as a manufacturing hub, it’s essential to evaluate different regions, such as Ho Chi Minh City, Hanoi, and Da Nang, to determine which is the most suitable for your investment.


1. Thriving Industrial Sectors in Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City:
Ho Chi Minh City, often referred to as the economic heart of Vietnam, boasts a diverse range of industrial sectors. It’s a prominent hub for high-tech industries, electronics, textiles, and garments. The city’s manufacturing capabilities are well-established, with numerous industrial zones and specialized clusters supporting production. Shipping and transportation are facilitated by the presence of the Saigon Port, Cai Mep Port, Thi Vai Port in Vung Tau, and Tan Son Nhat International Airport.

Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam, also offers a strong industrial base with a focus on electronics, machinery, and manufacturing components. While it may not match Ho Chi Minh City in terms of volume, it provides a robust manufacturing environment. The Noi Bai International Airport and Hai Phong Port contribute to efficient logistics.

Da Nang and Nearby Areas:
Da Nang is gaining traction as a manufacturing destination, particularly in high-tech industries and manufacturing components. It benefits from proximity to major ports and airports, including Tien Sa Port and Da Nang International Airport.

Manufacturing Capabilities

Vietnam has developed a skilled workforce in various manufacturing sectors, making it an attractive destination for investors. The country’s manufacturing capabilities have continually improved, and companies have access to a diverse talent pool, both in skilled labor and engineering expertise. This, combined with competitive labor costs, provides a solid foundation for manufacturing operations.

Shipping and Transportation

Vietnam’s strategic location in Southeast Asia ensures efficient shipping and transportation options. Major ports, such as Ho Chi Minh City’s Saigon Port and Hai Phong Port in the north, handle both domestic and international shipments. Additionally, Vietnam’s extensive network of roads and railways simplifies land transportation.

Tax and Tariffs for Export to the US

When exporting products from Vietnam to the United States, understanding the applicable taxes and tariffs is crucial. Vietnam is a signatory to the Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP), which provides favorable trade terms with the United States. However, it’s essential to research the specific tariff schedules related to your product category as these can vary.

2. Best Regions for Setting Up Manufacturing Operations in Vietnam

When deciding on the most suitable region for your manufacturing operations in Vietnam, you should consider factors like industry focus, infrastructure, labor availability, and business environment. Here’s a breakdown of the regions:

Ho Chi Minh City:

  • Why: Boasting a diverse industrial base, well-established manufacturing capabilities, and efficient transportation links, Ho Chi Minh City is the top choice for many investors.
  • Why Not: High competition and cost of living could be potential challenges.


  • Why: Hanoi offers a strong industrial presence and proximity to northern markets.
  • Why Not: It may not match the scale of manufacturing found in Ho Chi Minh City.

Da Nang and Nearby Areas:

  • Why: Da Nang’s focus on high-tech industries and its strategic location make it a promising option.
  • Why Not: It may not have the same volume of skilled labor as larger cities.

Vietnam’s Business Environment

Vietnam’s business environment has significantly improved, attracting foreign investments with initiatives to simplify administrative procedures, reduce bureaucracy, and enhance transparency. The government has introduced numerous incentives to promote foreign direct investment (FDI). This includes tax incentives, preferential land leases, and funding for infrastructure development.

With strong industrial sectors, manufacturing capabilities, and favorable business environment, it is an attractive destination for setting up manufacturing operations in Vietnam. When choosing a specific region, consider the industry focus, infrastructure, and labor availability that align with your business goals. With the right strategy, Vietnam can offer a pathway to successful manufacturing ventures in Southeast Asia.

About ANT Consulting and Market Entry Services in Vietnam

ANT Consulting is here to assist you from the outset; providing intelligence, information, advisory, management or support services that assist market entrance, and ensure efficient business start-up operation.

Research Service
Company Profiling and Due Diligence
Policy and Regulatory Research
Assistance in Setting-up Business Venture
M&A Origination & Execution

For legal advisory, please check out the legal services of law firms in Vietnam.

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We are available at offices in central of Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City and Da Nang that help cover through out Vietnam.