With the increasing demand for electricity, Vietnam is also gradually considering investing in renewable energy, including wind power as the key to addressing energy security, contributing to the realization of the country’s green development strategy.
Energy is one of essential human needs and an indispensable input of economic activity. As the living standards of the people are improving, the level of production of the economy is more modern, the demand for energy is also growing, and satisfying this demand is a real challenge for almost every country.
The race to exploit fossil fuels at all costs of human beings is reaching the limits of nature’s endurance, causing polluted living environments, climate change, causing unrest for the welfare of the community and become one of the global non-traditional security issues, threatening the survival of humanity.
Being aware of that, many countries around the world have been switching from fossil fuel to renewable energy for sustainable development. In many areas, power source from renewable energy projects is equivalent to those from fossil fuel projects, breaking the threshold that we believed to be impracticable.
Currently, in Europe, nearly 50% of new power development projects are wind power projects. In China – the most populous country, in March 2017, the Government shut down its last coal-fired power plant in Beijing to switch to renewable and gas electricity and.
According to the IEA latest report, globally, in 2016, investments in wind and solar power have doubled investments in fossil-fuel power. Furthermore, it is estimated that wind, solar and gas powers will completely replace coal power in the next 25 years.
In Vietnam, the development of the economy has made demand for electricity surge while supply capacity has not developed in time. The Ministry of Industry and Trade has forecasted that average electricity production growth rate of Vietnam in the period 2016 – 2020 is 10.7% per year and the period 2021 – 2025 is 8.6% per year.
Therefore, the Government of Vietnam considers the exploitation and utilization of renewable energy resources have special and strategic meaning in terms of socio-economic, national security and defense, energy security, sustainable development and minimizing environmental impact.
Most experts said that Vietnam has enormous potential for wind power. According to a study by the World Bank, Vietnam has the largest wind energy potential in the region, surpassing Laos, Cambodia and Thailand.
Accordingly, Vietnam’s wind reserve is estimated at 513,360 MW, more than 6 times the estimated total capacity of the electricity sector by 2020. The World Bank study also showed that 8.6% of Viet Nam’s land area is very potential, convenient for the installation of large wind turbines. The corresponding figure of Cambodia is 0.2%, Laos is 2.9% and Thailand is 0.2%.
Understanding the general trend of the world as well as encouraging investment incentives of the Government, about 50 wind power projects have been registered for investment in Vietnam and there are 4 projects with total capacity of 159.2 MW has gone into commercial operation.
Most recently, the Phuong Mai 3 Wind Power Project in Nhon Hoi Economic Zone (Quy Nhon – Binh Dinh), has a capacity of 21 MW – 28 MW, including 14 turbines with a total investment of 40 – 50 million USD are invested by HALCOM Company and its international partners. With an area of 140 hectares, the project is expected to supply about 72 million kWh of electricity per year and reduce emissions by 40,000 tons of CO2 per year. According to representatives of HALCOM, the project will be implemented in 2017 – 2018. Once completed, the estimated revenue can reach 150 billion VND per year.